Cell fenders have a proven track record dating back to the late 1960’s and remain a popular choice thanks to their simplicity, high performance and strength. They are used in combination with a steel frontal panel with low friction facings to lower the hull pressure against the ship, or to withstand knife-edge loadings from belted vessels. They are used in many applications such as oil and LNG facilities, bulk terminals, offshore platforms, container berths and Ro-Ro and cruise terminals.
Their limitations would be: That their internal cavity may fill with seawater in ports with high tidal ranges, upon impact the internal water requires to have a venting system to expel the internal water at a rate governed by the berthing ships velocity. Otherwise the pressure of the internal water could result in much higher reaction forces as it is being expelled.